In November 2020, the Law on Management of Commercial Gaming ("Gaming Law") was promulgated as the primary legislation that would govern the commercial gaming industry in Cambodia. It covers all kinds of commercial games including casino games, luck-based games, betting games and other games pursued for monetary benefits or the equivalent thereof by players.
Following the promulgation of the Gaming Law, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) issued two sub-decrees in August 2021 that: (i) established the Commercial Gambling Management Commission of Cambodia (CGMC) as the governmental body that would regulate the commercial gaming industry in the country and (ii) sets out the minimum capital requirements for new and existing casino operators.
There are some regulations subsequently issued to implement other aspects of the Gaming Law such as:
- Prakas No. 009 on the Management of Game Rules, Game Equipment, and/or Game Software for the Casino Operations;
- Guideline No. 011/22 on the Registration of Game Types, Game Rules, Game Equipment and/or Game Software of Casino Games and Luck-Based Games;
- Prakas No. 001 on Formalities, Procedures and Conditions for the Development of Integrated Resort; and
- Sub-Decree No. 102 on Penalties for Offenses Provided for Under the Law on the Management of Commercial Gaming.
In this Update, we highlight the key aspects of the above regulations.
Globally, nations and regulators are rallying their people and businesses to combat climate change. At the most recent 2021 United Nations Climate Conference of the Conference of the Parties ("COP26"), attaining net zero emissions by mid-century was underscored as a key outcome. To achieve this target, there is an urgent need to phase out the use of unabated coal and increase investment in renewable energy ("RE"). The Association of Southeast Asian Nations ("ASEAN") member states have also affirmed their commitment to accelerate decarbonisation and cut emissions at the COP26.
Investment and deployment of RE is a key solution to decarbonisation and achieving the net zero emissions goal. ASEAN countries have taken steps to varying extents and effectiveness for energy diversification, including efforts to deploy RE and develop RE technologies. Each ASEAN country faces its own particular set of challenges and constraints in achieving its net zero emissions goal due to a myriad of factors including its stage of economic development, resources (financial and non-financial) and geographical constraints.
In this Guide, we provide an overview of the RE landscape in the region and certain salient legal and regulatory issues affecting the development and deployment of RE in Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.