Legal Updates for April 2023

Regional Competition Bites Q1 2023

This Rajah & Tann Regional Competition Bites provides an overview of the key competition updates in South-east Asia during the period of January to March 2023.

A key macro trend across the region is the introduction of new merger regimes or enhancing existing regimes so as to capture a wider range of mergers. Cambodia has now introduced merger filing thresholds and mergers will have to be filed with the regulator come September 2023. Vietnam and Thailand have been reviewing an increasing number of mergers, with Vietnam seeking to review even foreign-to-foreign mergers. Indonesia has bucked the trend a little, providing a breather to businesses by shifting from a single nexus to a double nexus requirement, while Philippines has raised its notification thresholds. What these developments spell for businesses is that Southeast Asia is a region that can no longer be ignored from a merger control review perspective. Even in Singapore, which has a voluntary regime, the regulator takes the position that if thresholds are crossed, a notification is necessary.

Separately, fighting inflation and cost of living issues continue to be a focus area. Regulators in Indonesia, Thailand and Philippines have opened cartel investigations products involving daily essentials such as onions and chicken eggs, while the Malaysian regulator is working closely to support the Ministry of Domestic Trade and Cost of Living in tackling these issues.

Another key area where focus continues is in all things data, digital, and e-commerce. Several of the regulators have reiterated that this is an area of priority, and with some opening investigations in the area. Tech is also important for the regulators as they look to enhance their internal capabilities to handle more complex mergers and investigations.

On regulators, the Vietnam Competition Commission ("VCC") has finally been properly constituted and empowered to take enforcement action. VCC is now responsible for all competition matters, ranging from investigations to enforcement and merger control. We expect stronger competition law enforcement and quicker review of merger cases in Vietnam moving forward.

Developments in the region remain dynamic and the Rajah & Tann Asia Team is very much in the thick of many of the developments and on-going matters. Please reach out to us if you wish to further discuss these developments. 

Press Release on the Government's Support Measures for the Development of Construction and Borey

On 12 April 2023, the General Secretariat of Economic and Financial Policy Committee of the Royal Government of Cambodia issued Press Release No. 001 MEF on the Guidelines Regarding Support Measures for the Development of Construction and Borey. Due to uncertainty in the global economic, financial and geopolitical situation, and in order to maintain stability and sustainability in Cambodia's construction and real estate sector, and to empower low and medium-income households to be able to afford home purchases, the Government has issued an additional "support package". This Update provides details of these measures.

Sub-Decree on Telecommunications Equipment Identity Registration

On 3 February 2023, the Royal Government of Cambodia issued Sub-Decree No. 41 on the Registration of Identity of Telecommunications Equipment using SIM Modules that aims to: (i) prevent and restrain the use of equipment using fake SIM modules, stolen goods, and illegally imported equipment; (ii) protect the health, safety and rights of consumers; (iii) improve the quality of telecommunication services; (iv) encourage honest and transparent competition in the market; and (v) enhance national revenues collection. This Update highlights key features of the Sub-Decree.

National Commercial Arbitration Centre Adopts the Mediation Rules

The National Commercial Arbitration Centre ("NCAC") is a non-profit commercial dispute resolution institution based in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. On 18 March 2023, the General Assembly of the NCAC adopted three main documents to allow the NCAC to provide mediation services. Those documents are: (a) the Mediation Rules; (b) the Code of Conduct for Mediators; and (c) the Rules on Qualification and Registration of Mediator of National Commercial Arbitration Centre. This Update highlights the key features of these documents.